Tuesday, May 24, 2016

The giant ball that could save your life in a catastrophe: The Survival Capsule designed to withstand tsunamis, earthquakes and hurricanes

[Daily Mail] It may look like a giant snooker ball, but this spherical capsule could save your life.
When a natural disaster strikes, whether it is a tsunami or earthquake, there are very few places to find shelter. 
But now, The Survival Capsule - a personal safety system in the form of a giant ball - has been designed to combat this issue. 
This capsule, which features two small porthole windows so the occupants can see what is going on around them, was created to give individual groups and families more control of their survival in emergency situation than traditional 'safe houses.'
Julian Sharpe, founder of The Survival Capsule, said: 'It gives [people] an option of having a security system on their own property which is easily accessible day or night and really gives the family a safe security they wouldn't otherwise have.' 
The capsule is designed as a 'variable disaster solution', according to the designers. 
It is designed to float so it will never be inundated by water levels rising too high, as they do in tsunami situations. 
A self-righting system, using water bladders in the bottom, prevent it from rolling upside down.
It can also be tethered to prevent it being washed away with the occupants inside. 
The designers of the capsule, which is made from a hardened aluminium shell and frame, is insulated to keep the occupants warm.
It is intended to keep those inside safe during the initial post-disaster period before rescue crews and relief workers have arrived on the scene.
The capsule was designed by a team of aerospace engineers, whose main aim was to make the pod as strong and durable as possible.  
In its initial testing, the designers used a test programme similar to those used in the aerospace industry to examine the strength and survivability of the capsule. Read More

Russia Wildfire Is Size of Vermont and Delaware: Greenpeace

[NBC] Colossal wildfires in Russia have burned an area the size Vermont and Delaware combined, Greenpeace said Tuesday, amid fears the country could suffer its worst wildfire season in more than 100 years.
The season is still in its early stages, but wildfires blazing across the country's far east have already scorched through more than 11,500 square miles, according to the environmental charity.
The largest area burned in a single wildfire season in the 21st century was 50,000 square miles in 2013 — around the size of Alabama.
Alexey Yaroshenko, the head of Greenpeace Russia's forest program, said that this year may top that figure.
"Most of these wildfires are man-made," he told NBC News by phone.
Many of the blazes are started by villagers who are torching the previous year's grass make way for new growth. But the practice often backfires. This year alone, four settlements have been forced to evacuate before being engulfed by fire, although no casualties have been reported. Read More

CHEMTRAILS 'PROOF': Expert's video of jet 'conclusively proves conspiracy IS happening'

[Express] Ray Lynch, an inspector in the manufacturing industry, from Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, says a timelapse video he shot from his home proves nano particles are being sprayed into the atmosphere to try to reverse global warming.
At its most bizarre extreme, conspiracy theorists believe that the contrails which form behind jet aircrafts are actually streams of toxic “mind-control” chemicals.
They say these toxins dilute before they reach the ground, leaving a gas we breathe in that keeps the general population in check.
Others suggest we are being secretly vaccinated against diseases from above.
But there are a growing number of chemtrail believers, who claim the conspiracy is actually a secret global plot to change Earth’s climate in the hope it will reverse the effects of global warming.
Dane Wigington, a solar energy expert and former employee of Bechtel Power Corp, now runs Geoengineeringwatch.org, a website set up to expose the “harmful” conspiracy which has millions of visitors.
According to Mr Wigington, the contrails, or chemtrails, we see forming behind an aircraft most days are carrying out geoengineering - a genuine scientific term for manipulating Earth's climate.
An introduction to the subject on his website states: “It sounds like science fiction, but it’s not. It’s happening right above you."
He said a system called Solar Radiation Management (SRM) was being used whereby scientists tried to mimic the effects of a major volcanic eruption on temperature, by releasing the same chemicals into the atmosphere which are known to block sunlight.
Some people believe it has already been taking place for a number of years, and say the aircraft leave chemtrails -long-lasting trails in the sky.
Supporters of the theory who have tried to expose it to the wider public included the late pop legend Prince along with Hollywood action hero Chuck Norris, as revealed by Express.co.uk today.
Believers of the conspiracy claim the particles include aluminium, which they blame for an alleged rise in cases of dementia.
They claim standard contrails from aircrafts dissipate much more quickly than the so-called chemtrails which it is claimed appear to last longer and spread out into long artificial clouds to "reflect the sunlight".
In Mr Lynch's stunning timelapse video, several contrails are seen to form and then slowly disperse into lingering clouds.
The claim is that longer-lasting contrails must contain other substances for this to happen. Read More

10 things you should know about sea level rise and how bad it could be

[Washington Post] Sea level rise has been in the news a lot lately. Recent research has raised concerns about the possible collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet and how this could double sea level rise projections for 2100.
Sea level rise is potentially one of the most damaging results of climate change, but few people understand its risks. Its impacts — financial and otherwise — will spread far from the coasts.
Here are 10 things you should know about sea level rise, what causes it and how bad it might get.
1. There is enough water stored as ice to raise sea level 230 feet.
Most of this ice is located in Antarctica and Greenland. Antarctica, with an area 40 percent greater than the United States, is covered by an ice sheet almost a mile thick that holds about 200 feet equivalent of sea level. Most of that ice is — for now — stable, but scientists are concerned that the massive West Antarctic Ice Sheet, which holds about 11 feet of potential sea level rise, has reached a tipping point and will collapse. Another 23 feet of equivalent sea level is stored as ice in Greenland, and it is melting at an increasing rate. The rest is in glaciers and ice caps spread around the world, and they, too, are generally melting.
2. Sea levels have changed by hundreds of feet in the past.
We generally think of sea level as stable, but sea level has varied a lot over time as we have gone from ice age to ice age at about 100,000-year intervals. At the height of the last ice age, when much of North America was covered in ice, sea level was about 400 feet lower. We are now in a warm period between ice ages; sea level should be peaking and then eventually starting to go down again. But human-caused climate change is altering this cycle.
3. We are changing sea level at a very rapid rate.
While sea level has varied greatly in the past, it has generally changed slowly, over many thousands of years — except when ice sheets collapse. We will explain more on ice sheet collapse later, but prior to about 1900, we know sea level was stable for several thousand years. A warming world is now pushing sea levels higher, and the rate of rise is accelerating. Read More

Monday, May 16, 2016

Global warming won’t just change the weather—it could trigger massive earthquakes and volcanoes

(Fascinating theory about ice melt and Earth Changes events. This matches the I AM America prophecies - Lori)
[Quartz] Bill McGuire is not optimistic about humanity’s future. In his book, Waking the Giant: How a changing climate triggers earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes, he explains why.
By his estimation, carbon dioxide emissions from human activity since industrialization began have changed the trajectory of earth’s climate for the next 100,000 years. We are already experiencing the mayhem and destruction that these changes can wreak, and, in the long term, things are only going to get worse.
On the face of it, the hypothesis that a few degrees’ rise in the average temperature of the atmosphere can cause the earth’s tectonic plates to move sounds ludicrous. Yet, McGuire, professor of geophysical and climate hazards at University College London, shows through careful analysis of historical records that the relationship between the weather and the “solid” earth is incontrovertible.
We caught up with him recently to talk about his hopes and fears. Here’s an edited and condensed version of our conversation.
Quartz: How is that human activities in the last two centuries could have an effect on the earth’s climate for the next 100,000 years?
McGuire: The climate system takes so long to respond and return to normal.
We had a period about 55 million years ago, called the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM). It was a period of about 10,000 years, where global temperatures rose by about 6°C [11°F]. This is extremely rapid in geological terms. We had palm trees in Russia; crocodiles swimming in the Arctic ocean.
It sounds incredible, but the really scary thing is that we could now see our temperatures go up by 6°C in a few hundred years. What we are doing now, and if we carry on doing it for the next few centuries, is raise temperatures in 1/50th of time it took to do the same in the PETM. The rate at which we are raising the global average temperature is simply unprecedented.
But wasn’t there a time when the global temperatures were even higher, like 15°C higher than pre-industrial times?
What we’ve done now is that we’ve taken all the carbon from hundreds of millions of years, which has been locked up in fossil fuels, and we’ve stuck it in the atmosphere in a time of two hundred years.
Then there are the feedback effects that will kick in. Human-caused warming will trigger natural events, which will increase temperatures further. One of those is the release of methane permafrost, especially that stuck under the Arctic.
We don’t need to wait till 2100 to trigger that. People who are working on this say that we could see the release of this permafrost at any time. There’s potential for tens of billions of tonnes of methane to be released just like that [snaps fingers]. Some of these releases could bring global warming prediction ahead by as much as 30 years.
People don’t understand these events. They think it’s a gradual ramping up of the temperature. The real impacts are extreme events—storms, droughts, floods—but also potentially even more extreme events, like these methane outbursts.
OK, so, say that happens. Temperatures go up. When do we then see the effects on the solid earth?
We could see that very soon. The big worry is Greenland. It has 2-3 km (1.2-1.9 miles) of ice on top of its lithosphere. That weight is pushing down the crust. Taking that ice off could trigger earthquakes.
We’re seeing that in Alaska. A lot of ice has been lost in the last 100 years, and the faults there are lot more active now. Previously, because of the weight, they couldn’t move but they were accumulating strain because of the earth’s movement.
So if Greenland starts seeing earthquakes, there’s a worry that we would see submarine landslides. One such landslide happened in Scandinavia about 8,000 years ago. It sent down a huge tsunami all the way across the Atlantic. Shetlands saw 20-meter (66-foot) waves, and Scotland saw [waves] six meters high. And Greenland has the same potential. Read More

Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Major earthquake due in California with San Andreas fault 'locked, loaded and ready to roll', seismologists warn

[Independent] Residents of southern California have been warned by a top seismologist that the San Andreas fault is “locked, loaded and ready to go” and a major earthquake in the region is overdue.
The dire warning has come just a few months after the Mayor of Los Angeles, Eric Garcetti, pushed legislation through the City Council demanding that the most vulnerable buildings in the city be retrofitted as soon as possible so they will be able to withstand violent shaking.
It was delivered by Thomas Jordan, director of the Southern California Earthquake Centre, speaking at an earthquake conference in Long Beach.  “The San Andreas fault is locked, loaded and ready to roll. The springs of that fault have been wound pretty tightly and the situation is there where we could have major earthquakes in California,” he told an audience of fellow seismologists.
The Earthquake Centre has meanwhile released as sobering graphic that simulates how far the shaking would travel if, as he suggests, it is of 8.0 magnitude.
While predicting earthquakes remains an uncertain science, there has been concern among experts for some time that the San Andreas fault may be close to a new, major ruction if only by virtue of the length of time since it happened last, when the southern portion of the fault was struck by a 7.9 shaker all the way back in 1857.
Since then the tectonic plates that meet at the fault have been continuously on the move at a rate of about 2 inches per year. That means that over 159 years there has been a shift of 26 feet as the Pacific plate moves in a northwesterly direction against the American continental plate.  Every additional inch creates additional pressures on the rocks beneath the earth’s surface. Read More

What Caused the 2011 D.C. Earthquake?

[Smithsonian] On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake hit Mineral, Virginia, about 90 miles southwest of Washington D.C. The temblor was the strongest east of the Mississippi since 1944, and was felt by more people than any other quake in U.S. history, reaching 12 states and several Canadian provinces. It shook the nation’s capital so strongly it cracked the Washington Monument and caused 20 million dollars in damage to the National Cathedral.
The earthquake was also  a bit of a mystery. D.C. lies over 1,000 miles from the edge of the North American Plate, away from any fault zones or seismic activity. Earthquakes in the area are rare if not non-existent. But a new study in the Journal of Geophysical Research has a new theory of why the capital shook: Bits of the Earth’s mantle are breaking off underneath the southeast U.S. and sinking. This thins the remaining plate, making it more prone to slip and cause seismic activity.
“This was an interesting finding because everybody thought that this is a stable region, and we would expect regular plate thickness,” Berk Biryol, a seismologist at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill and lead author of study tells Lauren Lipuma at the American Geophysical Union blog.
Biryol and his colleagues used seismic waves from earthquakes in other parts of the world to study the ground below the eastern United States. Seismic waves act almost like an X-ray, Lipuma explains, with the waves moving quickly through dense, cold rock and speeding up in magma and warmer rocks. Measuring these waves give researchers insight into what is below the Earth's surface. Read More

How To Use Your Mind To Create What You Want by Sadhguru (Law of Attract...

First report of all the world’s plants finds 1 in 5 species facing extinction

[Washington Post] Plants pervade almost every part of human life — not only do we eat them and wear them, we use plants for fuel, medicine, building materials, poisons and intoxicants.
To limit the world’s plants to those that meet a human need, however, would be doing the leafy kingdom a disservice. In fact, according to a new report from the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, in the United Kingdom, only a slice of plant life is “useful” to humans. In what Kew is calling the first comprehensive assessment of plant life —  the first annual “State of the World’s Plants” — researchers determined that some 30,000 plant species had a documented use.
That’s plenty of plants, to be sure, but the total number of plants in the new Kew report surpasses the useful ones by more than a factor of 10: We share the planet with over 391,000 plant species, the Kew scientists say.
The assessment comes with a big caveat — these species are only vascular plants, or plants that have a specific, specialized tissue for sucking up water through their body. (Plants lacking these ducts, like algae and mosses, weren’t counted.) Of the vascular plants scattered across the planet, 94 percent have flowers.
“It’s really important to know how many plant species there are, where they are and the relationship between the groups, because plants are absolutely fundamental to our well-being,” Kathy Willis, Kew’s science director, told the BBC. Read More